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Wheat Community African Burial Ground

Wheat Community African Burial Ground

May 31, 2004

Related Link: The Wheat Community and George Jones Memorial Baptist Church and Cemetery

Wheat Community African Burial Ground Location: In this topographical map view, it is the "slave cem" at the east side of Oak Ridge Highway where it goes North-South, just to the south of the power line that goes East-West. Here is an aerial view.

Wheat Community African Burial Ground

CEMETERY
DO NOT DISTURB
======>

Text From Monument:

Wheat Community

John Henry and Elizabeth Inman Welcker owned and operated a plantation named Laurel Banks as early as 1810 and possibly 1805. This plantation was located along the banks of the Clinch River where the East Tennessee Technology Park (formerly the K-25) Plant now stands. John Henry died in 1838 and Elizabeth died in 1840. In 1847 John Hamilton Gallaher Sr. bought Laurel Banks. According to the 1860 Roane County Census, George Gallaher, Sr.'s estate was valued at $36,000. This included $25,000 worth of land and at least 19 slaves. This cemetery, now named the Wheat Community African American Burial Ground, was formerly known as Atomic Energy Commission Cemetery #2 - Slave Cemetery, and was sometimes referred to as the Gallaher - Stone cemetery. In 1979, Dorothy Moneymaker, a resident of the Wheat Community, counted between 90 and 100 graves with no inscribed markers located within the cemetery. It is presumed that slaves who once belonged to the Welckers and Gallahers and some their descendents are buried here. It is also possible that slaves and their descendents who lived on other farms in the area are buried here. Some of the other families that owned slaves and lived in the vicinity were the Burums, Carmichaels, Staples, Henleys, Ellis, and Rathers. We will never know the names of those buried here. Wheat Community African Burial Ground

Wheat Community African Burial Ground

Wheat Community African Burial Ground

Text From Monument:

WHEAT COMMUNITY AFRICAN BURIAL GROUND
ROANE COUNTY, TENNESSEE

THIS CEMETERY AND MEMORIAL
IS DEDICATED TO THE MEMORY
OF THESE AFRICANS
WHO WERE IN AMERICA
IN BONDAGE,
RATHER THAN BY CHOICE
AND LIVED, WORKED AND DIED
IN BONDAGE IN
THE WHEAT COMMUNITY

When I [can] Read My Title Clear
To Mansions In The Skies,
I’ll Bid Farewell To Every Fear,
And Wipe My Weeping Eyes.
                 Isaac Watts
(1674–1748)

MAY 26, 2000

ATTRIBUTION: Hymns and Spiritual Songs. Book ii. Hymn 65.

Wheat Community African Burial Ground

Related Links

ORNL employees visit burial ground REASON: The visit was just one of many events the lab has conducted as part of Black History Month. (OakRidger , February 26, 2004)

Minter gives history of slavery in this area (OakRidger, January 21, 2003)

Slave cemetery given new name in ceremony (OakRidger, June 5, 2000)

Memorial dedication at former slave burial ground (OakRidger, May 22, 2000)

Wheat Community African Burial Ground To Be Dedicated Monument to Memorialize Region's Early African-Americans (DOE Press Release, May 9, 2000)

Things to See and Do

AEC #2 - Slave Cemetery


Wheat Community African Burial Ground

WHEAT COMMUNITY
AFRICAN BURIAL GROUND
ROANE COUNTY, TENNESSEE
Related Link: The Wheat Community and George Jones Memorial Baptist Church and Cemetery

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[F]rankly ... it was perfectly true that I had, for over a year, expressed the opinion that Indo-China should not go back to France but that it should be administered by an international trusteeship. France has had the country ... for nearly one hundred years, and the people are worse off than they were at the beginning.... France has milked it for one hundred years. The people of Indo-China are entitled to something better than that.
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Roosevelt upset Churchill and the French with his anti- colonialism, which was obvious from the beginning of the war. ~

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