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Armes Gap parking Frozen Head State Park

[ Park Entrance ] [ Armes Gap to Fire Tower ] [ Frozen Head Peak ]

Armes Gap to Frozen Head Fire Tower

February 14, 2004

Elevations: Armes Gap  2139 feet; Fire Tower 3324 feet; Net climb 1185 feet.

This was a good, late afternoon hike on a relatively warm (40-50F), partly sunny, Valentine's day in beatiful Morgan County, Tennessee, above the town of Petros and Brushy Mountain Prison.   OpenStreetMap of approximate trailhead location.

First Fork in Road There is plenty of free parking on the shoulder of the paved road at Armes Gap. According to "http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0762702257/"> Hiking Tennessee Trails (worthless amazon affiliate code now deleted) by Evan Means (at archive) (4th edition, 1994; 5th edition, 1998 is now available), this route into the park is an old jeep road, which was previously closed to the public. It is still gated to keep vehicles out, but three trails (10, 19 and 20) are accessible from here according to the official park trail map ($3.27 including tax, at the park office, 423-346-3318). There are no fee collection stations at Armes Gap.

According to Tom Dunigan's site (at the time, archive 2004), this route to the fire tower is about 2.8 miles one-way. (See new site for updated info) According to the new looking trail sign, it is about 1.7 miles from Armes Gap to Tub Springs campsite, plus another 0.5 mile to the lookout tower, for a total of about 2.2 miles one-way. According to the park trail map, it is 2.0 miles one-way, moderate difficulty, and takes 1.5 hours for an average hiker (at 1.5 miles per hour). Considering it was mostly steady uphill climbing the 1185 feet to the top, and mostly downhill returning, it felt like 2.8 miles going up and less than 2.0 miles returning. It took me about 1.75 hours going up, at a leisurely pace with several stops, and about 1 hour returning back down.

Old Car Down Hill At about a half mile from the start, there are a couple forks in the road. Bear right and uphill for the route to the tower. The first fork to the left is the Old Prison Mine Trail (trail number 20), and the second fork to the left is another similar old trail. Otherwise, the route is obvious all the way to Tub Springs campsite.

There was an old rusty car and some other old "Tennessee Trash" down the side of the mountain (Oak Ridger articles September 1998; and October 1998). (links at archive)

The three windmills at TVA's wind power plant on the ridge in the distance were clearly visible through the leafless trees at several spots along the way. Notably, the air was still, and the windmills appeared to be not spinning for over 3 hours straight.

Creek There is a relatively recent, infamous historical connection with this hike route. James Earl Ray (Oak Ridger, Who Really Shot Martin Luther King Jr.?" February 20, 2004, at archive) and six other prisoners escaped from nearby Brushy Mountain State Prison in the early evening of Friday, June 10, 1977 (Oak Ridger May 7,1998 article, at archive). According to Building Time at Brushy by Stonney Lane, after they followed a creek up the mountain side away from the prison, three of the escaped prisoners, including Ray, climbed up "the old Seven Mine road"to the tower road. They then followed the tower road a short distance before spending the night hiding in brush and rock overhangs below the road. The next evening, Saturday, they followed the tower road some more, and then followed an old strip mine pit and another old mining road down to the valley bottom near Highway 116 and New River.

The creek pictured at right, seen from the tower road, is not the same creek the escapees followed up the mountain side, because it is on the opposite side of the mountain from the prison,  but the terrain is probably similar. It also shows a little of the sedimentary layers found all around the area.

It was somewhat colder at the higher elevations near the top of the mountain, especially on the shaded, northern side. As seen in the pictures below, taken near Tub Springs campsite, snow was still on the ground. An advantage to cooler temperatures is rattlesnakes and copperheads are seldom seen at temperatures below about 60F, according to the safety tips on the back of the park trail map.  At lower elevations in the area, typical high temperatures are below 60F from November through March.

Tub Springs The picture at left shows the Tub Spring and fireplace, which are made from stone. Tub Spring looked full of water inside, although I didn't see any running in or out. I didn't taste the water, but the trail map says all backcountry water should be boiled before use. According to Hiking Tennessee Trails (worthless amazon affiliate code now deleted) by Evan Means (link at archive) (4th edition, 1994; 5th edition, 1998 is now available), Tub Spring and fireplace were built by CETA labor (now at archive) in 1978.

The final pictures below show three views of the area around Tub Springs campsite. If your screen is wide enough, the three pictures somewhat make a panorama from left to right, looking more or less toward the west, north, and east. The first shows the road to the lookout tower, to the left, and Chimney Top Trail (number 8), to the right behind the sign. The second picture shows Tub Springs campsite, in the direction to North and South Old Mac trails (numbers 4 and 5), Panther Gap Rockhouse trail (15), and to the north on Lookout Tower Trail (1). Believe it or not, people had set up a tent and were camping there. In over three hours, I saw only two people, at the campsite. The third picture shows the road back to Tub Springs (200 feet from the sign) and to Armes Gap. From the footprints in the snow, it appeared that numerous people had hiked from the main park entrance to the lookout tower, but very few hiked in from Armes Gap.

Trail to Frozen Head Tower Tub Springs Camp Site Sign To Tub Springs

Related Links:

[ Park Entrance ] [ Armes Gap to Fire Tower ] [ Frozen Head Peak ]

Disclaimer: This is free information. Use at your own risk. This is only my opinion based on my experience. There is No guarantee of accuracy. I am Not responsible for anything that may happen to you because of using or not using this information.

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